Items filtered by date: January 2021

Monday, 25 January 2021 00:00

Three Considerations for Elderly Foot Care

The elderly are especially vulnerable to foot problems, as they may have difficulty caring for their own feet. If you are a caregiver to an elderly person, you should be aware of proper foot care practices. Examining the feet regularly for wounds, cuts, scrapes, sores, swelling, or discoloration, as well as asking your loved one if they are experiencing any foot pain, is vital for prevention and early detection of potentially serious foot problems. It is also important to help your loved one maintain good hygiene in regards to their feet. This can be accomplished by washing the feet and then thoroughly drying them on a daily basis. Elderly people may be prone to ingrown toenails. To prevent this, it is suggested that you trim the toenails regularly, cutting straight across and keeping the length to approximately the tips of the toes. To learn more about how you can help a loved one care for their feet, please consult with a podiatrist.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact the podiatrists from Denville Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and Their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet and can hide many life-threatening medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Denville, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 18 January 2021 00:00

What Caused My Hammertoe?

Hammertoe may occur when the middle joint in the toe bends downward, creating the appearance of a hammer. It generally affects the second or third toe, and can make it uncomfortable to wear shoes. Common reasons for developing a hammertoe may include genetic factors, as well as wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Sometimes enduring a toe injury can cause a hammertoe to develop, or it may result from medical conditions such as arthritis. When a hammertoe is present, many patients may experience difficulty in flexing their feet, and corns or calluses may develop on top of the affected toes as well. If you are afflicted with a hammertoe, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer you treatment options.

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact the podiatrists from Denville Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Denville, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What Are Hammertoes?
Monday, 11 January 2021 00:00

What Is the Most Common Cause of Heel Pain?

The most common cause of heel pain centers around an inflamed plantar fascia which is the band of tissue that connects the heel to the toes. This condition is known as plantar fasciitis. Patients may notice that the pain is more severe in the morning after rising, and it is often difficult to walk. Additional causes of heel pain can include stress fractures and Sever’s disease. Obesity may significantly contribute to heel pain as well. Relief may be found when gentle stretches are frequently performed, and the affected foot is rested. If you are suffering from heel pain, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can effectively diagnose and treat this condition.

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact the podiatrists of Denville Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Denville, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 06 January 2021 00:00

What Causes Achilles Tendonitis?

The Achilles tendon is the large tendon on the back of the ankle that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. Achilles tendonitis occurs when this tendon becomes inflamed. This pain can gradually worsen, and it does not need to be associated with a particular trauma. Most pain that is associated with Achilles tendonitis is worse in the mornings and after long periods of sitting, and the pain lessens throughout the day or during activity. The most common cause of Achilles tendonitis is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens upon bearing weight and puts stress on the tendon. Improper shoes, poor stretching, a shorter tendon, or trauma can also lead to Achilles tendonitis. Because Achilles tendonitis can eventually lead to a painful rupture of the tendon, those who believe that they are experiencing symptoms should consult a podiatrist.  

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact the podiatrists of Denville Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Denville, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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