Tuesday, 01 June 2021 00:00

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Do you have a large, bony bump on the outside of your big toe that is causing you pain or discomfort? Enlargement of the bone or tissue around the base of the big toe joint may be a bunion. This condition may be caused by wearing ill-fitting shoes, excess stress or injury to the foot, and rheumatoid arthritis. Having flat feet can also make developing bunions more likely. Usually a visual examination is all that is needed to diagnose a bunion, but your podiatrist may also order imaging studies, such as an X-ray or MRI, to determine the extent of the deformity. Conservative treatments such as taking over the counter pain medications and wearing larger, more comfortable shoes or orthotics can help relieve symptoms. If conservative treatment methods fail to provide relief, surgery may also be an option. If you suspect that you have a bunion, please see a podiatrist to get a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact the podiatrists of Denville Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Denville, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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